BRICS member-states call for reform of entire multilateral architecture
New Delhi, June 1, 2021
Foreign Ministers of the five BRICS member-states today called for comprehensive strengthening and reforming of the entire multilateral architecture, including the Union Nations and its principal organs for a more inclusive, representative and participative global governance system.
Participating through video-conferencing in the meeting of the BRICS Ministers of Foreign Affairs/International Relations, the Ministers referred in this context to the UN Security Council, the General Assembly, the Secretariat and the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC); international financial architecture represented by the IMF and the World bank; the multilateral trading system represented by the WTO and UNCTAD and the global health governance system with the WHO at its core.
They stressed that reforms were needed in these bodies to faciltate grater and more meaningful participation of developing and least developed countries in global decision-making processes and structures and make it better attuned to contemporary realities.
BRICS brings together Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The meeting was chaired by External Affairs Minister S Jaishankar chaired the meeting. India is the current BRICS Chair.
Others who participated in the meeting were Foreign Ministers Carlos Albero Franco Franca of Brazil, Sergey Lavrov of Russia, Wang Yi of China and Grace Naledi Mandisa Pandor of South Africa.
A press release from the Ministry of External Affairs said the Ministers exchanged views on furthering intra-BRICS cooperation on the three pillars of political and security, economic and finance, and People to people and cultural exchanges.
The Ministers also exchanged views on the social and economic impact of the Covid-19 pandemic. Ministers also exchanged views on global and regional issues of concern, sustainable development, countering terrorism besides discussing ways to enhance intra-BRICS cooperation.
While discussing the Covid-19 pandemic situation, they called for timely establishment and operationalization of the BRICS Vaccine Research and Development Center.
They reiterated their commitment to Agenda 2030 for Sustainable Development and, in this regard, stressed the importance of financing for development, capacity building and transfer of technology to developing countries.
The Ministers also expressed their support for the Paris Agreement as adopted under the principles of UNFCCC, including that of CBDR-RC. They also called for the comprehensive implementation of the Strategy for BRICS Economic Partnership 2025 through all means for its effective realization.
The Ministers expressed strong condemnation of terrorism in all its forms and manifestations, whenever, wherever, and by whom-so-ever committed. They expressed their commitment to fully implement BRICS Counter Terrorism Strategy, including by way of a result-oriented Action Plan.
The Ministers welcomed the developments and meetings in both B2B and P2P formats, and looked forward to greater cooperation in these areas.
BRICS partners appreciated India’s efforts in keeping up the momentum of BRICS cooperation, the release added.
Earlier, in his welcome remarks, Jaishankar said the COVID-19 pandemic continued to provide the larger context in which countries assess the world and their policies.
"This is a time to reflect on its many implications. I also express my condolences for the lives lost due to this pandemic in all your countries," he said.
Noting that India had assumed the chairship of BRICS on its 15th anniversary, he said the grouping had come a long way from the first time their Foreign Ministers met in New York in 2006.
"But the principles that guide our grouping remain consistent over the years. We strive for a fair, just, inclusive, equitable and representative multipolar international system. It is one based on international law and the UN Charter, that recognizes the sovereign equality of all States, and respects their territorial integrity while displaying mutual respect for interests and concerns of all. It is only by conducting our policies in accordance with these principles that we can expect to bring about the change we desire.
"Over the years, BRICS has evolved its own unique model of engagement that is based on consensus. Our collective endeavour is also to ensure that global decision-making reflects contemporary realities. To this end, we have identified four key deliverables for our Chairship - Reform of the Multilateral System, Counter Terrorism Cooperation, Using Digital and Technological Solutions to achieve SDGs, and Enhancing People to People Cooperation. I am very happy to note that we have made substantial progress on each of these areas in the past five months with the continued cooperation and support of our partners.