Rajasthan completes One Nation One Ration Card system reform, allowed additional borrowing of Rs 2731 crore
New Delhi, February 10, 2021
Rajasthan has become the 12th State in the country to successfully undertake “One Nation One Ration Card system” reform stipulated by the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance, thus becoming eligible to mobilise additional financial resources of Rs 2731 crore through Open Market Borrowings.
Rajasthan has joined 11 other States -- Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Haryana, Karnataka, Kerala Madhya Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Tripura and Uttar Pradesh -- who have completed this reform.
On completion of One Nation One Ration Card system reform, these 12 States have been granted additional borrowing permission of Rs. 33,440 crore by the Department of Expenditure, an official press release said.
One Nation-One Ration Card System is an important citizen-centric reform that ensures the availability of ration to beneficiaries under the National Food Security Act (NFSA) and other welfare schemes, especially the migrant workers and their families, at any Fair Price Shop (FPS) across the country.
The reform especially empowers the migratory population, mostly labourers, daily wagers, urban poor like rag pickers, street dwellers, temporary workers in organised and unorganised sectors, domestic workers etc, who frequently change their place of dwelling, to be self-reliant in food security.
"This technology-driven reform enables the migrant beneficiaries to get their entitled quota of food grains from any electronic point of sale (e-PoS) enabled fair Price Shops of their choice anywhere in the country," the release said.
The reform also enables the States in better targeting of beneficiaries and elimination of bogus, duplicate and ineligible cardholders, resulting in enhanced welfare and reduced leakage.
Further, to ensure seamless inter-state portability of a ration card, Aadhar seeding of all ration cards as well as biometric authentication of beneficiaries through automation of all Fair Price Shops (FPSs) with the installation of electronic point of sale (e-PoS) devices are essential.
Therefore, additional borrowing limit of 0.25% of the Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) is allowed to the States only on completion of Aadhar Seeding of all the ration cards and beneficiaries in the State and automation of all the FPSs in the State.
In view of the resource requirement to meet multiple challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, the Union Government of India had on May 17, 2020, enhanced the borrowing limit of the States by 2% of their GSDP. Half of this special dispensation, 1% of GSDP was linked to undertaking citizen-centric reforms by the States.
The four citizen-centric areas for reforms identified by the Department of Expenditure were Implementation of One Nation One Ration Card System, Ease of doing business reform, urban Local body/ utility reforms and Power Sector reforms.
Till now, 17 States have carried out at least one of the four stipulated reforms and have been granted reform linked borrowing permissions.
Out of these, 12 States have implemented the one nation one ration card system, 12 States have done ease of doing business reforms, 5 States have done local body reforms and 2 States have undertaken power sector reforms. Total reform linked additional borrowing permission issued so far to the States stands at Rs 74,773 crore.