Business & Economy

Kharif foodgrains production estimated at 135.03 million tonnes

NetIndian News Network

Mumbai, September 22, 2016

India's production of Kharif foodgrains in 2016-17 is estimated at a record 135.03 million tonnes, which is 11.02 million tonnes higher than last year's production of 124.01 million tonnes.
Releasing the 1st Advance Estimates of production of major Kharif crops for 2016-17 here today, Union Agriculture and Farmers Welfare Minister Radha Mohan Singh said the production estimate for 2016-17 was also 7.65 million tonnes higher than the average production of 127.38 million tonnes in the last five years, 2010-11 to 2014-15.
As per the figures released today, the estimated production of rice during 2016-17 is a record 93.88 million tonnes.
Production is also estimated touch new highs in the case of maize (19.30 million tonnes), pulses 8.70 million tonnes, tur (4.29 million tonnes) and urad (2.01 million tonnes).
The estimated production in case of other major crops is: coarse cereals -- 32.45 million tonnes, oilseeds -- 23.36 million tonnes, soyabean -- 14.22 million tonnes, groundnut -- 6.50 million tonnes, castorseed -- 1.73 million tonnes, sugarcane -- 305.25 million tonnes, and cotton -- 32.12 million bales (of 170 kg each).
The cumulative rainfall (1 June to 7 September, 2016) during the current monsoon season has been excess or normal in 29 and deficient in 7 out of 36 meteorological sub-divisions. 
As a result of favourable monsoon rainfall, area and yield of most of the Kharif crops is expected to be higher, Mr. Radha Mohan Singh said.
"Consequently, estimated production of most of the crops during current Kharif season is estimated to be higher as compared to their production as per 4th Advance Estimates for 2015-16. However, these are preliminary estimates and would undergo revision based on further feedback to be received from the States," he said.
He said the rice production of 93.88 million tonnes this year is 1.1 million tonnes highr than the previous high of 92.78 million tonnes achieved during 2011-12. It is also 4.16 million tonnes higher than the average production of the last five years an 2.57 million tonnes more than last year's level.
The total production of coarse cereals in the country is estimated at 32.45 million tonnes as compared to 27.17 million tonnes during 2015-16 (4th Advance Estimates). Production of maize is estimated at record level of 19.30 million tonnes. This year production of Kharif maize is higher by 4.05 million tonnes than  last year’s production leve.
As a result of significant increase in the area coverage and productivity of tur and urad, total production of Kharif pulses estimated at record level of 8.70 million tonnes which is higher by 3.16 million tonnes than last year’s production of 5.54 million tonnes. The production of Kharif pulses is also higher by 2.54 million tonnes than their last five years’ average production.
Total production of kharif oilseeds in the country is estimated at 23.36 million tonnes which is significantly higher than the production of 16.59 million tonnes during 2015-16. This year production of Kharif oilseeds is also higher by 2.33 million tonnes than the average production of last five years.
Production of sugarcane is estimated at 305.25 million tonnes which is lower by 46.92 million tonnes than last year’s production of 352.16 million tonnes. Despite lower area coverage, higher productivity of cotton has resulted in higher production of 32.12 million bales (of 170 kg each) as compared to 30.15 million bales during 2015-16. Production of jute & mesta, estimated at 10.41 million bales (of 180 kg each), is marginally lower than their production of 10.47 million bales during the last year.
The assessment of production of different crops is based on the feedback received from States and validated with information available from other sources, the Minister added.