India's Manufacturing PMI rises to 58.9 in October as output rises at quickest pace since 2007
IANS (File photo)

India's Manufacturing PMI rises to 58.9 in October as output rises at quickest pace since 2007

New Delhi, November 2, 2020

The IHS Markit India Manufacturing Purchasing Managers' Index (PMI) rose to 58.9 in October from 56.8 in September, pointing to the strongest improvement in the health of sector in over a decade.

"Growth was led by the intermediate goods category, but there were also robust expansions in the consumer and investment goods sub-sectors," a press release from IHS Markit said.

According to it, manufacturing sector conditions in India continued to improve in October, with companies raising output to the greatest extent in 13 years amid robust sales growth. While firms purchased additional inputs for use in the production process, payroll numbers were lowered due to government guidelines related to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Inflationary pressures, meanwhile, remained subdued as seen by a modest increase in input costs and only marginal rise in selling prices, it said.

According to the release, manufacturers indicated that the ongoing relaxation of COVID-19 restrictions, better market conditions and improved demand helped them to secure new work in October.

"Moreover, the upturn in sales was the strongest since mid-2008. New export orders likewise rose at a quicker pace, one that was the most pronounced in close to six years.

"In response to strong sales gains and softer containment measures related to the COVID-19 disease, firms lifted production at the strongest pace recorded since late-2007," the release said.

The PMI is a seasonally adjusted composite single-figure indicator of manufacturing performance in the country. It is based on data compiled from monthly replies to questionnaires sent to purchasing executives in over 400 industrial companies. An index reading above 50 indicates an overall increase in that variable, below 50 an overall decrease.

The survey showed that greater production needs led to another monthly increase in input buying among Indian manufacturers. Moreover, quantities of purchases rose at the quickest pace in just under nine years.

Meanwhile, the compliance of government guidelines related to the COVID-19 pandemic caused a further reduction in employment. The fall was the seventh in consecutive months, albeit the weakest in this sequence.

As a result of rising sales and falling employment, firms saw an increase in outstanding business. However, backlogs rose at the weakest pace in the current six-month period of accumulation.

"Pressure on supplier capacity subsided, as indicated by the slowest increase in delivery times for seven months. Where vendor performance deteriorated, panellists commented on labour shortages at their distributors.

"Trends for stocks diverged as an increase in input stocks contrasted with a further decline in holdings of finished goods. The former was associated with purchasing activity growth and the latter with strong sales," it said.

The release said that, although input costs increased at a quicker pace than in September, the overall rate of inflation was modest by historical standards. There were mentions of higher base oil, metal and plastic prices; parallel to reductions in synthetic rubber and cotton fees.

A few firms increased output charges, while the vast majority left their fees unchanged from September. As a result, the overall rate of charge inflation was negligible.

Finally, hopes of an end to COVID-19 cases and the reopening of other sectors in the economy underpinned positive sentiment towards the year-ahead outlook for production. The level of confidence was at a 50-month high.

"Levels of new orders and output at Indian manufacturers continued to recover from the COVID-19 induced contractions seen earlier in the year, with the PMI results for October highlighting historically-sharp monthly rates of expansion,"Pollyanna De Lima, Economics Associate Director at IHS Markit, said.

"Companies were convinced that the resurgence in sales will be sustained in coming months, as indicated by a strong upturn in input buying amid restocking efforts.

"Also, confidence towards the year-ahead outlook for production improved as firms hoped that fewer COVID-19 cases and the reopening of other businesses could boost output growth.

"There was disappointing news on the employment front though, with October seeing another reduction in payroll numbers. Survey participants that noted job shedding mentioned having observed containment measures to halt the spread of the coronavirus disease 2019," she added.


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