HDFC Limited and HDFC Bank announce merger

Mumbai, April 4, 2022

HDFC Limited, India's largest housing finance company, and HDFC Bank, one of the largest private sector banks in India, today announced a merger of the two companies.

The decision was announced after meetings of the Boards of Directors of the two companies held here today.

The meetings, inter alia, approved a composite scheme of amalgamation for the amalgamation of HDFC Investments Limited and HDFC Holdings Limited, with and into HDFC Limited; and HDFC Limited with and into HDFC Bank, and their respective shareholders and creditors, under Sections 230 to 232 of the Companies Act, 2013 and other applicable laws including the rules and regulations, a press release from the companies said.

The scheme and the proposed transaction are subject to customary closing conditions. The scheme is subject to the receipt of requisite approvals from the Reserve Bank of India (RBI), Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI), the Competition Commission of India (CCI), the National Housing Bank (NHB), the Insurance Regulatory and Development Authority of India (IRDAI), the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA), the National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT), BSE Limited, the National Stock Exchange of India Limited and other statutory and regulatory authorities, and the respective shareholders and creditors, under applicable law, the release said.

"Upon the Scheme becoming effective, the subsidiaries/associates of HDFC Limited will become subsidiaries/associates of HDFC Bank. Shareholders of HDFC Limited as on the record date will receive 42 shares of HDFC Bank (each of face value of Re.1), for 25 shares held in HDFC Limited (each of face value of Rs.2), and the equity share(s) held by HDFC Limited in HDFC Bank will be extinguished as per the Scheme.

"As a result of this, upon the Scheme becoming effective, HDFC Bank will be 100% owned by public shareholders and existing shareholders of HDFC Limited will own 41% of HDFC Bank," the release said.

"HDFC Ltd is India’s premier housing finance company and has unrivalled relationships, scale and deep underwriting expertise in the housing sector, built over multiple decades and across economic cycles.

"HDFC Bank, with more than 68 million customers, 6,342 branches and a full suite of credit, liability and distribution offerings is the leading private sector bank with deep relationships, insights and understanding of its customers built over multiple decades," the release said.

According to it, the combined entity will bring together complementary strengths of the two organizations, enabling a rewarding customer relationship.

"Post the combination, HDFC Bank’s customers will be offered mortgages as a core product in a seamless manner. HDFC Bank will also leverage the long tenor mortgage relationship to offer varied credit and deposit products enabled through better insights through-out the customer life-cycle. This will result in an enhanced value proposition and customer experience for all customers of the combined entity," it said.

"The housing loan market is at the cusp of a strong up-cycle, with all-time high favorable industry dynamics and provides a steady secured asset class with very attractive risk adjusted returns. Over the last few years, regulatory developments and reforms including (i) higher regulatory standards for the Non-Banking Financial Companies (NBFCs) narrowing the gap with the Banking regulatory framework (ii) reduction in SLR rates (iii) deepening of affordable housing bond market and (iv) creation and deepening of Priority Sector Lending (PSL) Certificates market, have created a conducive environment for amalgamation of the two entities, leading to a 'win-win' situation for all stakeholders," the release said.

"The Boards of HDFC Ltd and HDFC Bank believe that the merger will create long-term value for all stakeholders, including customers, employees and shareholders of both entities. The amalgamation of the two entities will provide further impetus to the Government’s vision of 'Housing for All'," it said.

Deepak Parekh, Chairman HDFC Limited, said, “This is a merger of equals. We believe that the housing finance business is poised to grow in leaps and bounds due to the implementation of RERA, infrastructure status to the housing sector, government initiatives like affordable housing for all, amongst others. Over the last few years, various regulations for banks and NBFCs have been harmonised, thereby enabling the potential merger. Further, the resulting larger balance sheet would allow underwriting of large ticket infrastructure loans, accelerate the pace of credit growth in the economy, boost affordable housing and increase the quantum of credit to the priority sector, including credit to the agriculture sector.”

Atanu Chakraborty, Chairman HDFC Bank, said, “The product and market leadership of HDFC Limited in the housing finance business and the distribution and customer leadership of HDFC Bank enables the combined entity to offer full suite of financial products to Indians at large and the proposed transaction is a big step in realizing the vision of housing for all as envisioned by our government.”

Keki M. Mistry, Vice-Chairman and CEO of HDFC Limited, said, “With the leadership that we have built in housing finance and the deep understanding of the housing market across various economic cycles, this transaction helps in realizing the potential of what HDFC’s housing finance business can achieve by leveraging the distribution and customer base of HDFC Bank. It is a step in the right direction, taken at the right time, for value creation for all the stakeholders.”

Sashi Jagdishan, CEO & MD, HDFC Bank said, “The proposed transaction ticks all the right boxes in terms of completion of product offerings, product leadership in home loans as with other retail assets products, distribution strength across the country and a customer base that can be leveraged to cross-sell a complete suite of financial products. It is value accretive for all the stakeholders of both the organisations, including shareholders, employees and customers.”

Bank of America Merrill Lynch (BoFA) Securities were financial advisors to HDFC Limited solely for the purpose of providing a fairness opinion on the valuation done by the valuer for the proposed Transaction.

Morgan Stanley India Company Private Ltd. were financial advisors to HDFC Bank solely for the purpose of providing a fairness opinion on the valuation done by the valuer for the proposed Transaction.

Credit Suisse, Kotak Securities, Jefferies, Arpwood, Motilal, Axis, JM Financial, IIFL and Ambit, acted as financial advisors to HDFC Limited

J.P. Morgan, Goldman Sachs, Citi, Nomura CLSA, BNP, HSBC, ICICI Securities and Edelweiss acted as financial advisors to HDFC Bank.

AZB & Partners, Argus Partners and Singhi & Co. acted as the legal advisors to HDFC Limited and Wadia Ghandy & Co., Cravath, Swaine & Moore LLP acted as legal advisors to HDFC Bank.

Bansi S. Mehta & Co. and Ms. Drushti Desai (Registered Valuer) were appointed as valuers by HDFC Limited. Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu India LLP and Harsh Chandrakant Ruparelia (Registered Valuer) were appointed as valuers by HDFC Bank.

Dhruva Advisors LLP were the tax advisors to HDFC Limited and HDFC Bank.


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