Union Ministers Piyush Goyal and Prakash Javadekar briefing the media on Cabinet decisions, in New Delhi on August 28, 2019
Union Ministers Piyush Goyal and Prakash Javadekar briefing the media on Cabinet decisions, in New Delhi on August 28, 2019
Business & Economy

Cabinet approves easing of FDI norms in single brand retail trading, coal mining, contract manufacturing

NetIndian News Network

New Delhi, August 28, 2019

The Union Cabinet today approved easing of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) norms in various sectors, including single-brand retail trading (SBRT), which is expected to make India a more attractive FDI destination, leading to increased investments, employment and growth.
Apart from SBRT, other sectors in which the FDI norms have been eased include coal mining, contract manufacturing and digital media, an official press release said.
In the area of Single Brand Retail Trading, the extant FDI Policy provides that 30% of value of goods has to be procured from India if SBRT entity has FDI more than 51%. 
Further, as regards local sourcing requirement, the same can be met as an average during the first 5 years, and thereafter annually towards its India operations. 
With a view to providing greater flexibility and ease of operations to SBRT entities, it has been decided that all procurements made from India by the SBRT entity for that single brand shall be counted towards local sourcing, irrespective of whether the goods procured are sold in India or exported. Further, the current cap of considering exports for 5 years only is proposed to be removed, to give an impetus to exports.
The extant policy provides that, as regards local sourcing requirement, incremental sourcing for global operations by the non-resident entities undertaking single-brand retail trading, either directly or through their group companies, will also be counted towards local sourcing requirement for the first 5 years. However, prevalent business models involve not only sourcing from India for global operations by the entity or its group companies, but also through an unrelated third party, done at the behest of the entity undertaking single-brand retail trading or its group companies. In order to cover such business practices, it has been decided that 'sourcing of goods from India for global operations' can be done directly by the entity undertaking SBRT or its group companies (resident or non-resident}, or indirectly by them through a third party under a legally tenable agreement.
The extant policy provides that only that part of the global sourcing shall be counted towards local sourcing requirement which is over and above the previous year's value. Such requirement of year-on-year incremental increase in exports induces aberrations in the system as companies with lower exports in a base year or any of ' the subsequent years can meet the current requirements, while a company with consistently high exports gets unduly discriminated against. It has been now decided that entire sourcing from India for global operations shall be considered towards local sourcing requirement (and no incremental value).
The present policy requires that SBRT entities have to operate through brick and mortar stores before starting retail trading of that brand through e-commerce. 
"This creates an artificial restriction and is out of sync with current market practices. It has therefore been decided that retail trading through online trade can also be undertaken prior to the opening of brick and mortar stores, subject to the condition that the entity opens brick and mortar stores within 2 years from the date of start of online retail. Online sales will lead to creation of jobs in logistics, digital payments, customer care, training and product skilling," the release said.
In the area of coal mining, as per the present FDI policy, 100% FDI under automatic route is allowed for coal and lignite mining for captive consumption by power projects, iron & steel and cement units and other eligible activities permitted under and subject to applicable laws and regulations. Further, 100% FDI under automatic route is also permitted for setting up coal processing plants like washeries subject to the condition that the company shall not do coal mining and shall not sell washed coal or sized coal from its coal processing plants in the open market and shall supply the washed or sized coal to those parties who are supplying raw coal to coal processing plants for washing or sizing.
The Government has now decided to permit 100% FDI under automatic route for sale of coal, for coal mining activities including associated processing infrastructure subject to provisions of Coal Mines (special provisions) Act, 2015 and the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957 as amended from time to time, and other relevant acts on the subject. "Associated Processing Infrastructure" would include coal washery, crushing, coal handling, and separation (magnetic and non-magnetic), the release said.
In the Contract Manufacturing sector, the extant FDI policy provides for 100% FDI under automatic route in the manufacturing sector. There is no specific provision for Contract Manufacturing in the Policy.
In order to provide clarity on contract manufacturing, it has been decided to allow 100% FDI under automatic route in contract manufacturing in India as well. 
Subject to the provisions of the FDI policy, foreign investment in 'manufacturing' sector is under the automatic route. Manufacturing activities may be conducted either by the investee entity or through contract manufacturing in India under a legally tenable contract, whether on Principal to Principal or Principal to Agent basis.
As regards Digital Media, the extant FDI policy provides for 49% FDI under approval route in up-linking of 'News and Current Affairs' TV Channels. It has been decided to permit 26% FDI under government route for uploading/ streaming of News & Current Affairs through Digital Media, on the lines of print media, the release said.
The release said the amendments to the FDI Policy approved today are meant to liberalize and simplify the FDI policy to provide ease of doing business in the country.
"FDI is a major driver of economic growth and a source of non-debt finance for the economic development of the country. Government has put in place an investor-friendly policy on FDI, under which FDI up to 100% is permitted on the automatic route in most sectors/ activities. FDI policy provisions have been progressively liberalized across various sectors in recent years to make India an attractive investment destination. Some of the sectors include Defence, Construction Development, Trading, Pharmaceuticals, Power Exchanges, Insurance, Pension, Other Financial Services, Asset reconstruction Companies, Broadcasting and Civil Aviation.
"These reforms have contributed to India attracting record FDI inflows in the last 5 years. Total FDI into India from 2014-15 to 2018-19 has been US $ 286 billion as compared to US $ 189 billion in the 5-year period prior to that (2009-10 to 2013-14). In fact, total FDI in 2018-19 i.e. US $ 64.37 billion (provisional figure) is the highest ever FDI received for any financial year.
"Global FDI inflows have been facing headwinds for the last few years. As per UNCTAD's World Investment Report 2019, global foreign direct investment (FDI) flows slid by 13% in 2018, to US $1.3 trillion from US $1.5 trillion the previous year - the third consecutive annual decline. Despite the dim global picture, India continues to remain a preferred and attractive destination for global FDI flows. However, it is felt that the country has the potential to attract far more foreign investment which can be achieved inter-alia by further liberalizing and simplifying the FDI policy regime," the release said.
In Union Budget 2019-20, the Finance Minister had proposed to further consolidate the gains under FDI in order to make India a more attractive FDI destination, the release added.
NNN

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